Burmese python

Python molurus bivittatus

Burmese pythons inhabit grasslands, swamps, marshes, rocky foothills, woodlands, jungle and river valleys in Northeast India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Nepal, Bangladesh, northern continental Malaysia and western Indonesia through southern China. They are carnivores.

Burmese pythons have been introduced into the Everglades in South Florida. Many were pets accidentally released or intentionally abandoned when they grew too big. In the wild, they are proliferating; preying on and competing with native species, some as large as alligators. Biologists are working to remove them via radio tracking, locator dogs and hunting.

Burmese python behavior and facts

  • Like all pythons, Burmese pythons are nonvenomous.
  • They can climb or swim as they prey on rodents, mammals, birds and other reptiles.
  • They use rear-pointing teeth to seize prey and then wrap their body around it, killing by constriction.
  • They are mainly terrestrial and are active both in the evening and at night.
  • They require a permanent source of water.

From birth to death

  • Females typically lay between 1 to 2 dozen eggs in a clutch.
  • The female incubates the eggs by coiling atop them.
  • Gestation: 60 to 90 days
  • Hatchlings: 18 to 24 inches.
  • Babies leave the nest soon after hatching and grow quickly when food is abundant.
  • Sexual maturity is size- rather than age-based but generally occurs around 4 years of age.
  • Lifespan: 15 to 25 years

Vital statistics

  • Up to 25 feet long
  • 200 or more pounds

Status

CITES Appendix II

Burmese pythons, the Oregon Zoo and you

The zoo's Burmese python lives in the Predators of the Serengeti exhibit. He is fed rabbits and rats.

Burmese python at the Oregon Zoo

Bubba

Bubba is a male Burmese python, weighing 105 pounds and is 15 feet long. He was formerly a favorite at the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI)...