Animals

African bullfrog

Pyxicephalus adspersus African bullfrogs are the largest frog in southern Africa, with some reaching dinner-plate size. They range from South Africa north to Tanzania. They inhabit open country primarily at low elevations. African bullfrogs are carnivores and eat other frogs and birds. The African bullfrog is aggressive; it may inflate its body and attack an intruder with its huge mouth agape...

African pygmy hedgehog

Hedgehogs are native to Europe, Africa and Asia. They live in deciduous woodlands, woodland edges and grasslands. They also thrive in human habitats, such as orchards, vineyards, farms, parks and gardens, including those in urban areas...

African red-billed hornbill

Tockus erythrorhynchus The red-bill lives in open savanna, woodland and thorn scrub in sub-Saharan Africa. It is an omnivore, eating fruit, insects and small animals. Hornbills are named because the shape of their bill reminded early people of cattle horns. The hornbill's first two neck vertebrae are fused to support its large bill...

African slender-snouted crocodile

Crocodylus cataphractus The African slender-snouted crocodile lives primarily in freshwater rivers and sometimes- brackish waters in tropical Central and West Africa. It is a carnivore, eating crabs, fish, frogs, insects, shrimp and snakes. Crocodylus is derived from the Greek krokodeilos, which means pebble worm (kroko = pebble; deilos = worm)...

Allen's swamp monkey

Allenopithecus nigroviridis Allen's swamp monkeys live in the lowland forests of the central Congolian basin. They are herbivores. The species name, nigroviridis, refers to the color of the monkey: nigro means black; viridis means green (though some appear to be closer to yellow). Swamp monkey behavior and facts Swamp monkeys forage on the ground and in shallow water...

American beaver

Castor canadensis Beavers are the largest rodent in North America. They're found in streams, rivers, marshes and small lakes. Their range extends across Canada and the United States except in the Arctic tundra, the Florida panhandle and Southwest deserts...

American black bear

Ursus americanus Black bears are the smallest and most common bear native to North America. They range from northern Alaska across Canada to the Atlantic Ocean, and south through most of the United States and into Mexico. They prefer remote, inaccessible areas...

Amur leopard

Panthera pardus orientalis The Amur leopard is a rare subspecies of leopard. Its range is within rocky mountain woodlands along the border of southeastern Russia and northeastern China. Part of its territory overlaps with the Amur tiger. It is a carnivore. The Amur River, for which the leopard is named, is the world's tenth longest river...

Amur tiger

Panthera tigris altaica Amur tigers are the earth's largest living cat. They live primarily in Russia, though a small population exists in China. The continued existence of the North Korean population is unknown. They live in coniferous, scrub oak and birch woodlands in mountain areas...

Arrau turtle

Podocnemis expansa Arrau turtles, also called South American river turtles, live in large rivers and tributaries, lagoons, and forest ponds in Guyana and Venezuela, in Trinidad and Tobago, and in the Amazon River and its tributaries in Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil...

Asian elephant

Elephas maximus Asian elephants live in South and Southeast Asia in a wide range of habitats; from thick jungle to grassy plains, from sea level up to 10,000 feet. They are herbivores. Asian elephant behavior and facts Asian elephants eat bamboo, fruit, leaves, shoots and grasses. They are shorter and heavier than African elephants...

Bald eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald eagles are native to North America. They range across Alaska and Canada, the contiguous 48 states, and into Mexico. They are a sea eagle, and prefer to live near seacoasts, rivers, large lakes and other large areas of open water with abundant fish. Old growth or mature stands of trees are preferred for nesting, perching and roosting...

Barred owl

Strix varia Wingspan: females, 45 to 50 inches; males, 40 to 46 inches Range and habitat: Most of the eastern half of North America from southern Canada south to Florida; spreading west in the northern portion of their range and occur in Washington and perhaps as far south as northern California. Deep forests, wooded swamps and woodlands near waterways with nearby open country for foragi...

Black howler monkey

Alouatta caraya Black howler monkeys live in tropical rainforests and mixed deciduous forests in eastern Bolivia, southern Brazil and Paraguay, and northern Argentina. They are herbivores. Black howlers are named for the loud howls, grunts, roars and barks they use to defend territory. Howling - done by the entire troop - is accompanied by shaking and breaking of branches...

Black rhinoceros

Diceros bicornis Black rhinos live in savannas and forests of southern Africa from Somalia to South Africa. They are herbivores. Black rhinoceros skin is dull, dark gray, but rhinos often take on the color of soil due to their fondness for mud and dust baths...

Blue and gold macaw

Ara ararauna Blue and gold macaws are common in rainforests in Mexico, Central America and northern South America. They are herbivores. Blue and gold macaws use their beaks as a "third foot" to help them climb. Back and upper tail feathers are brilliant blue; the underside of the tail is olive yellow. Forehead feathers are green...

Bobcat

Lynx rufus Bobcats range from southern Canada to southern Mexico except for a few states in the American Midwest. They are found in a broad range of habitats: forests, swamps, grasslands, sagebrush and scrublands. They're carnivores, preferring prey species that weigh between 2 and 12 pounds. Bobcats are named for their short, bobbed tail...

Bufflehead

Bucephala albeola Buffleheads are small diving ducks widespread throughout North America. Bufflehead behavior and facts The bufflehead's name is a combination of buffalo and head, due to the bulbous shape of the male's head when he puffs up the white feathers on the back of his head. Buffleheads are identified by the large white patch on the back of their iridescent green and purple head...

Bull trout

Salvelinus confluentus Nicknamed the "grizzly bear of the fish world" for its fierce disposition and reliance on pristine, unspoiled habitat, the bull trout is one of the most threatened and least-known members of the salmon family. Bull trout behavior and facts Named for its large head, the bull trout is a species of char native to Northwestern North America. Bull trout are often confus...

Burmese python

Python molurus bivittatus Burmese pythons inhabit grasslands, swamps, marshes, rocky foothills, woodlands, jungle and river valleys in Northeast India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Nepal, Bangladesh, northern continental Malaysia and western Indonesia through southern China. They are carnivores. Burmese pythons have been introduced into the Everglades in South Florida...

California condor

Stretching 10 feet from wingtip to wingtip, California condors (Gymnogyps californianus) are the largest land birds in North America, and once ranged from British Columbia to Baja California and inland to the Rocky Mountains...

Caracal

Felis caracal The caracal is a medium-sized cat that lives in woodlands and savannas in Africa, Southwest Asia and the Arabian Peninsula. They are carnivores, Caracal is pronounced: "CAR-uh-call." The word comes from the Turkish karakulak, meaning black ear...

Cheetah

Acinonyx jubatus Cheetahs are large carnivores that live primarily in sub-Saharan Africa. Their range was once wider: across dry parts of Africa, to the Middle East and beyond to India. They live and hunt in open and vegetated savannas. World population today: approximately 8,000 to 10,000. The cheetah is the fastest land mammal. It can run up to 70 mph for short distances...

Chimpanzee

Pan troglodytes Chimpanzees are native to West and Central Africa, where they live in humid forests, deciduous woodlands and mixed savanna...

Coho salmon

Oncorhynchus kisutch Coho salmon were historically distributed throughout the North Pacific Ocean from central California to Point Hope, Alaska, through the Aleutian Islands, and from the Anadyr River, Russia, south to Hokkaido, Japan. Coho spend the first half of their lives in streams and small freshwater tributaries...

Colobus monkey

Colobus guereza Colobus monkeys are widely distributed across the forests and grasslands of Central Africa. They are herbivores. Colobus comes from the Greek kolobus which means "maimed," a reference to their hands. Unlike most primates, colobus lack thumbs...

Common emperor scorpion

Pandinus imperator Emperor scorpions live in the rainforests of West Africa. It is one of the largest scorpions in the world. It is a carnivore. Emperor scorpion behavior and facts Adults eat ground-dwelling insects and small animals; young eat fruit flies and small crickets. Their venom is mild. Emperor scorpions hunt at night...

Cotton-top tamarin

Saguinus oedipus Native to humid and dry forests of Northwest Columbia, this small tree-dwelling monkey is severely imperiled by habitat loss. Cotton-top tamarin behavior and facts The cotton-top or cotton-headed tamarin is named for its striking crest of white hair. Unlike other New World monkeys, tamarins and the closely-related marmosets have modified claws instead of nails on all dig...

Cougar

Puma concolor Cougars are large carnivores that were once widespread throughout the Western Hemisphere; ranging from Canada to southern Chile and from the Atlantic to the Pacific coasts. Other than humans, these big cats have the widest distribution of any native American mammal. They live from sea level to 14,800 feet in woodlands, swamps, tropical rain forests and arid deserts...

Damara zebra

Equus burchelli antiquorum Damara zebras, also called Burchell's zebras or plains zebras, are the most common and widespread zebra in Africa. They live in the savannas of eastern and southern Africa. Why stripes? One theory has been that they confuse predators. But it may be that stripes are an adaptation to confuse horse flies...

De Brazza's monkey

Cercopithecus neglectus De Brazza's monkeys live along rivers in forest habitats in Central Africa, from Cameroon to Ethiopia, and Kenya to Angola. They are primarily herbivores. This monkey is named for Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, an Italian explorer originally named Pietro Savorgnan di Brazza...

Desert tortoise

Gopherus agassizii The desert tortoise lives in deserts of the American Southwest and northern Mexico. It is primarily an herbivore. This tortoise was named to honor Louis Agassiz, a Swiss scientist (1807-1873)...

Dwarf caiman

Paleosuchus palpebrosus Dwarf caiman are the smallest living species of crocodile. They live in flooded forests and areas with clean, fast-flowing rivers in South America, including: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam and Venezuela. They are carnivores...

Dwarf mongoose

Helogale parvula Dwarf mongooses live throughout much of sub-Saharan Africa in a wide variety of woodlands, thickets and savanna habitats. They are the smallest carnivores in Africa and are primarily insectivorous (insect-eaters). Dwarf mongoose behavior and facts This squirrel-sized mongoose is the smallest of the African mongooses...

Education snakes

Ball python, Python regius Length and defense: 3 to 4 feet, the smallest of African pythons; defense against larger predators is to coil in a tight ball. Habitat and range: Grasslands of West Africa, Sierra Leone, Togo and Senegal Diet and hunting: Small mammals Reproduction: The female coils around six to seven eggs for approximately three months, often nesting in an abandoned burrow. C...

Egyptian fruit bat

Rousettus aegyptiacus The Egyptian fruit bat has a broad range, from sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa, east to Iran and Pakistan. It can live from sea level to 13,000 feet, and from arid to moist habitats. In Africa, bat colonies can have 40,000 to 50,000 bats. They roost in moist caves, but also in ruins, tombs, underground irrigation tunnels or open wells...

Emerald starling

Coccycolius iris Named for its iridescent green plumage, the emerald starling is a common passerine of Western Africa. Emerald starling behavior and facts Fruit is the most important part of its diet, followed by insects. It inhabits wooded and open savanna, but generally avoids forests. It lives in flocks numbering from 15-20 members, but is occasionally forms larger congregations. Fro...

Emerald tree boa

Corallus caninus Emerald tree boas live in South American lowland rainforests in the Amazon Basin, in Venezuela, Columbia, Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Brazil, Peru and Bolivia. They are carnivores. Emerald boas hang upside down to swallow their prey. Emerald tree boa behavior and facts Emerald tree boas are nocturnal (active at night) and arboreal (living in trees)...

Ferret

Mustela putorius furo The ancestors of today's domestic ferrets ranged across Europe, Asia and North Africa, living in forests and thickets. They were domesticated as early as 2,400 years ago to hunt rabbits and eliminate farm and house pests...

Giant African millipede

Archispirostreptus gigas The giant African millipede lives in rainforests. Millipede lingo Millipede: mille means thousand; pede means feet. Centipede: centi means hundred; pede means feet. A detritivore such as the millipede is an herbivore that eats decaying plant material. Millipedes and centipedes: Some differences Millipedes have four legs per body segment; centipedes have two. Mil...

Golden eagle

Aquila chrysaetos Golden eagles are found in Europe, Asia, North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and North America. They range from sea level to 10,000 feet in many habitats: forests, tundra, prairies, sagebrush, scrubland or alpine meadows. They are probably the most numerous of large eagles in the world. In North America, golden eagles are more common west of the Mississippi River...

Golden-breasted starling

Cosmopsarus regius The golden-breasted starling is a common passerine native to Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Tanzania. Golden-breasted starling behavior and facts In addition to its golden breast and belly, this striking starling has iridescent blue wings, a green head and a violet throat. It is primarily insectivorous. It frequents open bush in arid and semi-arid habitats. From birth...

Hamerkop

Scopus umbretta The hamerkop is a wading bird native to Arabia, Africa and Madagascar. Because of its unique characteristics, it is classified within its own family and genus. Hamerkop behavior and facts The hamerkop occupies a variety of habitats ranging from forest to semi-desert, as long as fresh water is available...

Harris hawk

Parabuteo unicinctus The Harris's hawk lives in semi-arid areas of Southern California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas, with its range extending into Mexico, Central and South America. It prefers scrub containing mesquite, cacti and yucca...

Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus amphibius Hippos live in and along rivers in sub-Saharan Africa. During the day, they retreat to the water to rest, socialize and avoid the heat; at night, they feed in grassy areas adjacent to rivers...

Hooded merganser

Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded mergansers are small fish-eating ducks or 'sawbills' native to North America. Hooded merganser Behavior and facts Male hooded mergansers are named for the crest of feathers on the back of their heads, which can be expanded or contracted. The female hooded merganser has a brown body with a light brown crest extending from the back of the head...

Hooded vulture

Necrosyrtes monachus Hooded vultures are common across sub-Saharan Africa. Habitats include open plains, savannas, forests, coastal areas and villages. They are carnivores. The scientific name, Necrosyrtes monachus, means a "monk-like (bird) that drags away the dead." The common name derives from the wool-like down that covers the lower throat and rear of the neck...

Hottentot teal

Anas hottentota The Hottentot teal is a small dabbling duck native to Eastern and Southern Africa. Hottentot teal behavior and facts This species frequents shallow, freshwater marshes, swamps, pools and lakes. Its omnivorous diet includes seeds, fruits and aquatic invertebrates. Hottentot teals are sedentary in West Africa and Madagascar but partly migratory elsewhere. From birth to de...

Humboldt penguin

Spheniscus humboldti Humboldt penguins live off the coasts of Peru and Chile. They are one of 17 penguin species in the world. Their population is estimated at 12,000 breeding pairs. Did you know? The penguin is named after the Humboldt Current, an oceanic current along the west coast of South America...

Inca tern

Larosterna inca Inca terns live on coastal islands off the coasts of Chile and Peru. They are piscivores. Inca tern behavior and facts Inca terns feed on anchovies, mote sculpins and silversides; they swoop down from the air to snatch the tiny fish from the top few inches of water...

Kinkajou

Potus flavus Kinkajous are rainforest mammals that live in a variety of forest habitats in Central and South America, from southern Tamaulipas state in Mexico south to southern Brazil. They are frugivores (fruit-eaters)...

Laughing kookaburra

Dacelo novaeguineae The kookaburra is a kingfisher bird native to eucalyptus forests of eastern Australia, but now found in open woodlands, orchards, parks, farmland and urban areas in much of Australia and Tasmania. It is a carnivore. The kookaburra's name is an example of an onomatopoeia: a word that sounds like a noise. In this case, "kookaburra" sounds like the bird's call...

Lion

Panthera leo African lions range from open plains to thick brush and dry thorn forests in sub-Saharan Africa. They are carnivores. A lion's roar can be heard up to five miles away...

Malayan sun bear

Helarctos malayanus Sun bears are native to tropical and subtropical forests of South and Southeast Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Laos, the Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam and possibly southern China...

Mandrill

Mandrillus sphinx Mandrills live in central west African rainforests ranging from the Atlantic coast inland for 60 to 180 miles. They are omnivores. Mandrills travel in large groups called hordes or troops. Smaller harem groups consist of one male and five to ten females, plus juveniles. Sphinx is the mandrill's species name, perhaps referring to its unusual face...

Naked mole rat

Heterocehalus glaber Naked mole rats range across arid areas of Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. They are herbivores. Naked mole rat behavior and facts Naked mole rats live in a caste system in which individuals are organized in task-oriented castes (classes)...

Nankin chicken

Gallus gallus domesticus Nankin chickens are a bantam breed of chicken. The word bantam is often used to describe "miniature" breeds of poultry, and there are many different bantam breeds. A nankin is one of the 17 types of true bantams, which means they have no full sized counterpart. Nankin chickens are thought to be one of the oldest known breeds of bantams...

Nigerian dwarf goat

Capra hircus The Nigerian dwarf is a miniature goat from West Africa. It has been domesticated as a dairy goat and can be found throughout the world. Goats are herbivores. Nigerian goat behavior and facts Goats are browsers, eating tips of woody shrubs and trees...

Nile monitor lizard

Varanus niloticus Nile monitor lizards inhabit woodlands, dry savanna, scrub, evergreen thickets and swamps in central and southern Africa. They are usually found near rivers, lakes and pans. They can live up to 5,000 feet above sea level. Nile monitors are carnivores. There are 31 species of monitor lizards in the world...

North American river otter

Lontra canadensis River otters live in marshes, lakes, ponds, streams and estuaries. Their homes range from coastal areas to high mountain lakes. They once lived in waters throughout the United States and Canada. After European settlement, they became prized for their pelts and were eliminated from large areas through hunting...

North Sulawesi babirusa

Babyrousa babyrussa The babirusa pig lives in forests and canebrakes near rivers and lakes in Indonesia's Sulawesi, Togian, Sula and Buru islands. Babi-rusa means pig-deer in Indonesian. Their upper tusks remind people of deer. Babirusa pig behavior and facts Males have lower tusks like many other pigs...

Northern shoveler

Anas clypeata Named for its large bill with a broad spatula-shaped tip, the northern shoveler is a dabbling duck widespread throughout the northern hemisphere. Northern shoveler behavior and facts Northern shovelers dip their beaks into shallow water and filter foods such as insects, plants and seeds. This type of feeding is called dabbling. Males have a bottle-green head and chestnut co...

Old world rabbit

Oryctolagus cuniculus Domestic, or common, rabbits are native from Spain and Portugal south to North Africa. As early as Roman times, they began to be introduced elsewhere for food. They are now found throughout much of the planet, domesticated for food and as pets...

Oriole warbler

Hypergerus atriceps The oriole warbler is a passerine bird of Western and Central Africa. Oriole warbler behavior and facts This species, also known as the moho, is an old-world warbler...

Pacu

Colossoma bidens Pacu swim in the slow-moving waters of rainforests of the upper and middle Amazon River in Brazil and Peru, and in the Orinoco River of Venezuela and Columbia. They are herbivores. Pacu have been found in 19 U.S...

Philippine sailfin lizard

Hydrosaurus pustulatus This lizard is native to silty lowland rivers in tropical forests of the Philippine Islands and southern New Guinea. It is an omnivore. Did you know? Hydro means water; saurus means lizard: Water lizard. This lizard is an excellent swimmer. The sailfin has a vestigial eye atop its head. It's called the parietal or pineal eye...

Polar bear

Ursus maritimus Polar bears range over one million square miles, living near coastal waters on sea ice and islands encircling the North Pole. Their range covers waters off the north and northwest coasts of Alaska, the Canadian Arctic, Greenland, Svaalbard, northern Europe and northern Russia...

Pygmy goat

Capra hircus Pygmy goats are a small breed of domestic goat. Originally native to Southwest Asia, goats were domesticated 8,500 years ago for meat, milk and fiber and are now found all over the planet...

Pygora goat

Capra hircus hircus Pygora goats are a medium breed of domestic goat. They were initially bred in Oregon City, Ore., in the 1980s by crossing an angora goat with a pygmy goat in order to produce a goat with fine fiber for hand spinning...

Rainbow lorikeet

Trichoglossus haematodus Rainbow lorikeets are native to Australia, Indonesia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste and Vanuatu. Introduced populations are present in Hong Kong and Singapore. Rainbow Lorikeet behavior and facts Rainbow lorikeets form small, noisy groups that feed acrobatically in the tree canopy...

Rainbow trout

Oncorhynchus mykiss Rainbow trout are native to watersheds west of the Cascade Mountains. They have been introduced elsewhere in North America and on every continent except Antarctica for food and sport fishing. They are omnivores. Rainbow trout are in the salmon family. The "rainbow" refers to a reddish-pink stripe on the fish's side...

Red-billed oxpecker

Buphagus erythrorhynchus The red-billed oxpecker is a passerine bird native to savannas of Eastern and Southern Africa. Red-billed oxpecker behavior and facts Red-billed oxpeckers belong to the Sturnidae family, which includes starlings and mynas. They specialize in plucking ticks, flies and scar tissue from 25 species of large African mammals, such as rhinos and impala. The relationsh...

Red-tailed hawk

Buteo jamaicensis The red-tailed hawk is one of the most common large, broad-winged hawks in North America. Its range is from Alaska and northern Canada south to Central America. Red-tailed hawks live in a variety of habitats: open country, scrub, woodlands, rocky canyons, coastlines, prairies and deserts...

Reticulated giraffe

Giraffa camelopardalis reticulate Reticulated giraffe are a giraffe subspecies that live in open woodlands and wooded grasslands in Somalia, northern Kenya and southern Ethiopia. They are herbivores and live about 25 years in the wild. An estimated 100,000 giraffe live in Africa, primarily in game or wildlife preserves. Did you know? Giraffe are the earth's tallest mammals...

Ringtail

Bassariscus astutus Ringtails live in semi-arid oak forests, pinyon pine or juniper woodlands, conifer forests, deserts and other dry, rocky habitats in Mexico, north to California and Oregon and throughout the American Southwest to Texas and northeast to Oklahoma and Kansas. They are primarily carnivorous. Ringtails are not cats, but are related to raccoons...

Rocky Mountain goat

Oreamnos americanus Mountain goats, a North American native, range from steep slopes at elevations up to 13,000 feet, to temperate forests at sea level in coastal British Columbia. As herbivores, they eat grass, herbs, lichen, moss and woody plants. Their historic range was Southeast Alaska south to the Columbia River and east to the southern Yukon, Idaho and western Montana...

Rodrigues flying fox

Pteropus rodricensis Rodrigues flying foxes are not foxes but fruit bats native to Rodrigues Island. It's a 43-square mile volcanic island about 900 miles east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. Its habitat is mixed forest with large mature trees. Rodrigues flying foxes are herbivores...

Sacred ibis

Threskiornis aethiopicus The sacred ibis lives throughout sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Iraq. A living hieroglyphic, this species was venerated and often mummified by ancient Egyptians...

Southern gerenuk

Litocranius walleri Gerenuks are gazelles that live in dry, brushy areas of Somalia, eastern Ethiopia and Kenya. Gerenuk means "giraffe-necked" in Somali; it is named this for its long neck. Gerenuk behavior and facts Gerenuks browse on leaves, flowers and fruits. Their long neck is an adaptation that allows them to reach higher in trees than other gazelles and antelopes...

Southern masked weaver

Ploceus velatus The southern masked weaver is a common passerine bird native to Southern Africa. Southern masked weaver behavior and facts The southern masked weaver is found in a variety of habitats including shrubland, savanna, grassland, open woodland, inland wetlands, semi-desert areas, suburban gardens and parks. It feeds on insects, seeds and nectar. From birth to death Weavers c...

Southern red bishop

Euplectes orix The southern red bishop is a small passerine bird native to sub-equatorial Africa. Southern red bishop behavior and facts The southern red bishop is member of the weaver family. Wetlands and grassland are their preferred habitats...

Speckled mousebird

Cosmopsarus regius The speckled mousebird is a common passerine native to sub-Saharan Africa. Speckled mousebird behavior and facts Speckled mousebirds occupy habitats ranging from thickets and woodland to forest edges. They eat fruit, buds, flowers, nectar and leaves. Mousebirds are named for their drab grayish coloration, long tails and tendency to scuttle through vegetation...

Speke's gazelle

Gazella spekei This gazelle's historic range is the Horn of Africa: on the Somali coast, inland to Ethiopia. It lives in stony brush, grassland and semidesert. It has been hunted to extinction in Ethiopia and is endangered in Somalia due to war, hunting and overgrazing...

Steller sea lion

Eumetopias jubatus Steller sea lions live on rocky shores and in coastal waters of the North Pacific Ocean, from Japan's northern Honshu and Hokkaido islands north to Russia's Sea of Okhotsk, east to the Bering Strait and south along the west coast of North America to northern California...

Straw-colored fruit bat

Eidolon helvum The straw-colored fruit bat is adaptable to many habitats and lives in lowland forests and savannas of sub-Saharan Africa, from Senegal in the west, South Africa to the south, and Ethiopia in the east. It is an herbivore, eating wild fruits and nectar. They are strong flyers, and have been seen at sea, 125 miles from the nearest land...

Veiled chameleon

Chamaeleo calyptratus This kaleidoscopic, cone-headed lizard with swiveling eyes is native to the southwestern region of the Arabian Peninsula. Veiled chameleon behavior and facts Also known as the cone-head chameleon, this lizard is named for the sharkfin-like casque on its head, which channels dew and condensation into its mouth. Veiled chameleons possess a sticky, spring-loaded tongue...

White sturgeon

Acipenser transmontanus White sturgeon are large fish that range along the west coast of North America from California to British Columbia. White sturgeon from the lower reaches of the Columbia River are considered the most productive in the species' range. White sturgeon behavior and facts The white sturgeon is North America's largest fish...

White-cheeked gibbon

Nomascus leucogenys White-cheeked gibbons live in rainforest canopy habitat in Laos, southern China and Vietnam. They are largely frugivorous (fruit-eating) but also eat leaves and small invertebrates. Gibbon lingo Brachiation: to move by swinging with the arms from one hold to another...

White-collared kingfisher

Cosmopsarus regius The white-collared kingfisher is a medium-sized kingfisher native to Australia, Asia and Africa. White-collared kingfisher behavior and facts The white-collared kingfisher is wide ranging, with populations spanning from Fiji to coastal Eritrea in Africa...

White-faced saki monkey

Pithecia pithecia White-faced saki monkeys live in tropical rainforests up to 2,300 feet in southern and eastern Venezuela, in the Guianas and in northeastern Brazil. They are omnivores who primarily eat fruit. Saki monkeys are small monkeys native to northern and central South America...

White-faced whistling duck

Dendrocygna viduata White-faced whistling ducks live throughout South America, sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the Caribbean and Central America. White-faced whistling duck behavior and facts White-faced whistling ducks are named for their high-pitched whistling calls...

Wood duck

Aix sponsa Considered one of the most stunning of all waterfowl, the wood duck's scientific name, Aix sponsa means "waterbird in bridal dress". Wood duck Behavior and facts Wood ducks are one of few waterfowl to commonly perch in trees...