Trick or meat: zoo tiger celebrates Halloween birthday

Amur tiger Mikhail is considered to be among the oldest of his species on the planet

What do tigers want for their birthday? Meat!

The Oregon Zoo's Amur tiger Mikhail turned 19 today, and keepers treated the big cat to a Halloween-themed birthday with assorted party favors and jack-o'-lanterns stuffed with delicious carnivore snacks.

Mik — looking appropriate for the season in his customary orange and black stripes — is the oldest Amur tiger in any zoo accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums and is considered among the oldest of his species on the planet. The zoo's animal-care experts dedicate time to keep him active as he ages.

Members of the zoo's volunteer enrichment team created the holiday-themed birthday items, while keepers and zoo veterinarians planned the contents. The enrichment items — all made from nontoxic materials — are designed to encourage the tiger's natural sensory, predatory and exploratory behaviors.

Mikhail was born on Halloween 1998 at the John Ball Zoological Garden in Grand Rapids, Mich., and moved to the Oregon Zoo on Sept. 12, 2000.

"Mik's three years past he median life expectancy for male Amur tigers, which is 16 years," said senior keeper Nicole Nicassio-Hiskey, who's now worked with the tiger for longer than that. "He's still healthy and playful though. We work hard to make sure he stays active and engaged."

Nicassio-Hiskey said the animal-care staff frequently adds new enrichment items into Mikhail's environment to encourage natural behaviors. This is especially important during his golden years, she said. In recent years, keepers have trained Mik to play "soccer" — batting and chasing a big plastic ball around the moat surrounding his habitat — to help keep the 310-pound cat active as he ages.

While Mikhail is doing well, his wild counterparts are imperiled by habitat loss and poaching: Around 550 are believed to remain in their home range. The Amur tiger species derives its name from the Amur River, which runs through the region of southeast Russia to which this subspecies is native.

The Oregon Zoo is a service of Metro and is dedicated to its mission of inspiring the community to create a better future for wildlife. Committed to conservation, the zoo is currently working to save endangered California condors, Columbia Basin pygmy rabbits, Oregon silverspot and Taylor’s checkerspot butterflies, Western pond turtles and Oregon spotted frogs. Other projects include studies on black rhinos, Asian elephants, polar bears and bats.
The zoo relies in part on community support through donations to the Oregon Zoo Foundation to undertake these and many other animal welfare, education and sustainability programs. The zoo is located five minutes from downtown Portland, just off Highway 26 at exit 72. The zoo is also accessible by MAX light rail line. Visitors who travel to the zoo via MAX receive $1.50 off zoo admission. Find fare and route information online or by calling TriMet Customer Service at 503-238-RIDE (7433).
General zoo admission is $10.50 (ages 12-64), $9 for seniors (65 and up), $7.50 for children (ages 3-11) and free for those 2 and younger; 25 cents of the admission price helps fund regional conservation projects through the zoo’s Future for Wildlife program. A parking fee of $4 per car is also required. Additional information is available by calling 503-226-1561.

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Hova Najarian | 503-220-5714 |