Species recovery efforts this year included releases at two new sites in Oregon
Oregon Zoo butterfly conservationists were all aflutter this month as they released the final Oregon silverspots of the season onto the slopes of Mount Hebo. The 60 very hungry caterpillars mark the end of another successful breeding and release season for the zoo's Imperiled Butterfly Conservation Lab and its partners. In total, more than 3,000 zoo-reared butterfly larvae were released between April and August at sites in Oregon and Washington.
While many of the release sites are well established, both Oregon silverspot and Taylor's checkerspot caterpillars were released at new sites in Oregon this year. The checkerspots, raised in collaboration with inmates at the Coffee Creek Correctional Facility, were released on western prairies near Corvallis for the first time. The silverspots were released on Saddle Mountain in Oregon, with the hopes of establishing a new and thriving butterfly population on its grassy peaks.
The plan is working. Just last week, silverspot butterflies were seen flying in the skies around Saddle Mountain — the successful result of the larvae release there earlier this summer.
"Any butterfly release is a step forward for these endangered species, but we're especially excited about the new release sites this year," said Travis Koons, who oversees the zoo's butterfly programs. "Establishing new populations is critical to the butterflies' survival."
The Oregon Zoo works to save these beautiful pollinators from extinction with partners from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Xerces Society, the Nature Conservancy, Woodland Park Zoo, Washington Department of Corrections, Oregon Department of Corrections, Department of Defense, the Sustainability in Prisons Project and several local universities. Supplementing the wild populations with zoo-reared butterflies prevents extinction of existing populations and allows for the possibility of reintroducing butterflies to their former range.
Raising butterfly larvae is no easy feat. It requires meticulous timetables for waking, releasing, breeding and feeding both the checkerspot and silverspot butterflies, which develop according to different schedules. Detailed manuals and yearlong schedules are necessary to ensure each egg has the best possible chance of becoming a mature butterfly.
This level of care is crucial: the Taylor's checkerspot butterfly is an endangered species, and the Oregon silverspot is listed as threatened by the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service. While the butterflies themselves are small, they are important pollinators and have a big impact on their ecosystem.
The Oregon Zoo is a service of Metro and is dedicated to its mission of inspiring the community to create a better future for wildlife. Committed to conservation, the zoo is currently working to save endangered California condors, Columbia Basin pygmy rabbits, Oregon silverspot and Taylor’s checkerspot butterflies, Western pond turtles and Oregon spotted frogs. Other projects include studies on black rhinos, Asian elephants, polar bears and bats.
The zoo relies in part on community support through donations to the Oregon Zoo Foundation to undertake these and many other animal welfare, education and sustainability programs. The zoo is located five minutes from downtown Portland, just off Highway 26 at exit 72. The zoo is also accessible by MAX light rail line. Visitors who travel to the zoo via MAX receive $1.50 off zoo admission. Find fare and route information online or by calling TriMet Customer Service at 503-238-RIDE (7433).
General zoo admission is $10.50 (ages 12-64), $9 for seniors (65 and up), $7.50 for children (ages 3-11) and free for those 2 and younger; 25 cents of the admission price helps fund regional conservation projects through the zoo’s Future for Wildlife program. A parking fee of $4 per car is also required. Additional information is available by calling 503-226-1561.