Historic expansion makes way for carvings that have awed visitors for decades
Two Native American totem poles that loom tall in Oregon Zoo history have reappeared on the zoo campus — newly refurbished, brightly painted and more striking than ever.
The totem poles — one crafted by Chief Don "Lelooska" Smith and another by father-and-son artists Rex and Ray Losey — have been at the zoo for decades, becoming familiar visual cues for visitors over the years.
They were relocated last year as the zoo began a major transformation, breaking ground on both Condors of the Columbia, which opened in May, and Elephant Lands — a sweeping expansion of the zoo's Asian elephant habitat that will quadruple the animals' space and dramatically enhance their daily experiences.
The totem poles were previously located near the zoo concert lawn and along the old train route. They were reinstalled at new locations this month — the Lelooska Centennial totem pole along the path across from the mountain goat habitat, and the Losey Survival totem pole just off the visitor pathway between the viewing area for cougars and black bears.
Lelooska's Northwest coastal style totem pole — 50 feet tall and 42 inches in diameter — was carved from cedar during the 1959 Oregon Centennial Exposition. The work honors Oregonian soldiers who participated in Operation Deep Freeze, a famous multinational series of exploratory missions to Antarctica during the late 1950s. It was installed on zoo grounds in 1960 and is now on the National Register of Historic Places as well as catalogued in the Smithsonian American Art Museum database.
Lelooska died in 1996, so his brother, Chief Fearon "Tsungani" Smith, led restoration efforts, repairing cracks and rot, as well as painting, cleaning and detailing the carving. Zoo volunteers assisted with some restoration activities, and the Lelooska Foundation, based in Ariel, Wash., oversaw the entire effort.
Born in California, Lelooska moved to Hubbard, Ore., in the 1930s. According to the Seattle Times, he was an exceptional carver who crafted more than 100 totem poles and many more masks in his career. He even made a totem pole identical to the zoo piece (though slightly shorter for transport reasons), which now rests at the entrance of the airport in Christchurch, New Zealand, the city from which Operation Deep Freeze was based.
The Losey Survival totem pole, made in 1977, is 15 feet tall and about 16 to 20 inches in diameter. Carved by Rex Losey and his son Ray, the totem pole was initially made for the environmental nonprofit Greenpeace but was donated to the zoo. It depicts the effects of environmental pollution on Northwest animals such as otters, bears, beavers, wolves and eagles.
Of the work, Ray Losey writes: "'Survival Totem' is a 'Story Pole' with a strong message regarding a certain sharing of the planet so that all creatures may live. The animals on this pole have all suffered from habitat or rapid industrial change."
Rex Losey also passed away some years ago, and Ray Losey oversaw the restoration process for the work he made with his father. Ray Losey carved new wings, repaired split wood and rot, and also painted and refinished the work offsite at his studio.
The Loseys are part of a tradition of Native American carvers who take extraordinary pride in their craft and its cultural legacy. Rex mentored his son in the techniques and traditions of carving. Ray now carries on his father's work — as well as the work of those before him — but with his own flourish and style.